Steamship Mutual P&I Club included an article on California’s ballast water management requirements written by Peacock Piper Tong + Voss partner David Tong in the club’s thirtieth volume of its well-respected publication, Sea Venture. Since California began enforcing civil penalties for improperly conducted, mid-ocean ballast water exchanges in 2017, Dave has defended vessel interests in connection six separate notices of violation. In each representation, he has successfully obtained substantial mitigation of the maximum penalty amount available to the state. In his article, Dave shares his subject matter experience on the applicable laws, how vessels most commonly violate the laws, and practices – which if documented, best position owners to mitigate the staggering penalties pursued by California for the discharge of improperly exchanged ballast into the state’s waters. Sea Venture, Volume 30 is available here.